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State Lemon Law Statutes and Guides

Below you will find state lemon law summaries for each of the fifty states, as well as for the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act (the federal lemon law). Generally, the term “repair attempts” refers to one or more attempts to fix the same defect under the manufacturer’s written vehicle warranty coverage as opposed to multiple defects within the entire product (which generally falls under the days out of service category). Where the period covered lists more than 1 option, the period applies to the option which occurs first.

In some states the lemon law process will require you to hire an attorney and take the manufacturer (not the dealer) to Court in order to resolve your lemon law dispute. If a State utilizes the BBB Autoline or other Informal Dispute Resolution process, you sometimes must first present your case to the arbitration board, and if you are not satisfied with the outcome, you may then file suit. Be advised, however, that some of these arbitration programs are not administered by the State but instead are privately funded by the auto manufacturing industry.

And even if you don’t have a lemon under your state’s lemon law statute, your rights under the Truth in Lending Act, Fair Credit Reporting Act, Electronic Fund Transfer Act and/or Equal Credit Opportunities Act can all be violated during the purchase of a car, or you may be a victim of auto fraud.

Federal Lemon Law Coverage

Consumers everywhere are protected by the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act, the Federal Lemon Law which applies to all consumer products, including automobile, trucks, motorcycles, RVs, boats, and all other ordinary consumer products including computers and household appliances.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 to 4 repairs for the same problem, or 6 to 8 repairs to the entire product during the warranty period.
  • Warranty period + up to 4 additional years.

Each State’s Lemon Law Summary

Alabama

Vehicles Covered

Every vehicle intended primarily for use and operation on the public highways which is self-propelled. Excludes motor homes or any vehicle with a GVW of 10,000 pounds or more.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • 1 year or 12,000 miles

Alabama Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Alaska

Vehicles Covered

Any land vehicle having four or more wheels, that is self-propelled by a motor, is normally used for personal, family, or household purposes, and is required to be registered. Does not include a tractor, farm vehicle, or a vehicle designed primarily for off-road use.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Alaska Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Alaska Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Arizona

Vehicles Covered

A self-propelled vehicle designated primarily for the transportation of persons or property over the public highways. Only the chassis portion of a motor home is covered.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • Warranty period, 2 years or 24,000 miles.

Arizona Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Arkansas

Vehicles Covered

Any self-propelled vehicle licensed, purchased, or leased and primarily designed for the transportation of persons or property over the public streets and highways, but does not include mopeds, motorcycles, the living facilities of a motor home, or vehicles over 10,000 pounds GVW. The 10,000 pound limit does not apply to motor homes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 1 repair attempt for a defect that might cause death or serious injury or 3 repair attempts for the same defect or 5 repair attempts for separate problems, or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • 2 years or 24,000 miles.

Arkansas Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Arkansas Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide | Arkansas Attorney General Car Tips

California

Vehicles Covered

A new motor vehicle that is used or bought for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. Includes the chassis portion of motor homes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 2 repair attempts for a defect that might cause death or serious injury or 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • 18 months or 18,000 miles.

California Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | California Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Colorado

Vehicles Covered

A self-propelled private passenger vehicle, including pickup trucks and vans, designed primarily for travel on the public highways and used to carry not more than 10 persons. Excludes motor homes and motorcycles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Colorado Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Colorado Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide | Colorado Car Lemon Law FAQ

Connecticut

Vehicles Covered

Passenger and commercial motor vehicles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • 2 years or 18,000 miles.

Connecticut Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Connecticut Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Delaware

Vehicles Covered

Passenger motor vehicles. Does not include motor homes (other than the chassis) or motorcycles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Delaware Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Florida

Vehicles Covered

A new vehicle that is purchased or leased primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. Does not include vehicles run only on tracks, off-road vehicles, trucks over ten thousand pounds gross weight, the living facilities of recreational vehicles or motorcycles or mopeds.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • 24 months.

Florida Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Florida Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Georgia

Vehicles Covered

Any self-propelled vehicle, primarily designed for the transportation of persons or property over the public highways, that was leased, purchased or registered. Applies only to the chassis portion of motor homes. Does not include motorcycles or trucks with 10,000 pounds or more GVW.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 1 repair attempt in the braking or steering system or 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service for other problems.
  • 1 year or 12,000 miles.

Georgia Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Hawaii

Vehicles Covered

A self-propelled vehicle primarily designed for the transportation of persons or property over public streets and highways which is used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. Does not include mopeds, motorcycles, or motor scooters, or vehicles over 10,000 pounds GVW.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 1 repair attempt for a defect that might cause death or serious injury or 3 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period, 2 years or 24,000 miles.

Hawaii Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Hawaii Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Idaho

Vehicles Covered

A new motor vehicle used for personal business use or personal, family or household purposes. Does not include a motorcycle, farm tractor, trailer or any motor vehicle with a gross laden weight over 12,000 pounds.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period, 2 years or 24,000 miles.

Idaho Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Idaho Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Illinois

Vehicles Covered

New cars. Light trucks and vans under 8,000 pounds. Recreational vehicles excluding trailers. Excludes motorcycles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • 1 year or 12,000 miles.

Illinois Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Indiana

Vehicles Covered

Any self-propelled vehicle that has a declared gross vehicle weight of less than 10,000 pounds and is intended primarily for use and operation on public highways. Does not include conversion vans, motor homes, farm machinery, motorcycles, mopeds, snowmobiles, or vehicles designed primarily for off-road use.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • 18 months or 18,000 miles.

Indiana Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Indiana Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Iowa

Vehicles Covered

A self-propelled vehicle purchased or leased and primarily designed for the transportation of persons or property over public streets and highways, but does not include mopeds, motorcycles, motor homes, or vehicles over ten thousand pounds GVW.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 1 repair attempt for a defect that might cause death or serious injury or 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service for other problems.
  • 2 years or 24,000 miles.

Iowa Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Iowa Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Kansas

Vehicles Covered

A new motor vehicle which is sold or leased, and which is registered for a gross weight of 12,000 pounds or less. Does not include the customized parts of motor vehicles which have been added or modified by second stage manufacturers, first stage converters or second stage converters.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts for the same defect, or 10 repair attempts for separate problems or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Kansas Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Kansas Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Kentucky

Vehicles Covered

All vehicles except conversion vans, motor homes, mopeds, motorcycles, farm machinery and vehicles with more than 2 axles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.
  • 1 year or 12,000 miles.

Kentucky Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Louisiana

Vehicles Covered

All vehicles under 10,000 pounds except motor homes, motorcycles, and vehicles used for commercial purposes only.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Louisiana Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Louisiana Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Maine

Vehicles Covered

Any vehicle purchased or leased. Excludes commercial vehicles over 8,000 pounds.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 15 business days out of service
  • 3 years or 18,000 miles.

Maine Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Maine Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Maryland

Vehicles Covered

Any passenger car or truck with a rated capacity of 1 ton or less.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 1 repair attempt in the braking or steering system or 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service for other problems.
  • 15 months or 15,000 miles. 12 months or 12,000 miles for leased vehicles.

Maryland Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Maryland Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Massachusetts

Vehicles Covered

All vehicles, except off-road vehicles, motor homes, motorcycles, and vehicles used for commercial purposes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 15 business days out of service.
  • 1 year or 15,000 miles.

Massachusetts Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Michigan

Vehicles Covered

Any new car, van or truck bought by a resident of Michigan for personal or family use.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Michigan Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Minnesota

Vehicles Covered

A new motor vehicle used for personal, family, or household purposes at least 40 percent of the time.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 1 repair attempt in the braking or steering system or 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service for other problems.
  • Warranty period or 2 years.

Minnesota Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Minnesota Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Mississippi

Vehicles Covered

Vehicles used primarily for personal, family or household purposes. Excludes off-road vehicles, mopeds, motorcycles. Includes motor home chassis.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 15 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Mississippi Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Mississippi Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Missouri

Vehicles Covered

A new motor vehicle, primarily used for personal, family, or household purposes. Does not include commercial vehicles, off-road vehicles, mopeds, motorcycles or recreational vehicles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Missouri Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Missouri Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Montana

Vehicles Covered

Any vehicle, including the nonresidential portion of a motor home, propelled by its own power, designed primarily to transport persons or property upon the public highways. Does not include trucks with 10,000 pounds or more GVW or motorcycles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service
  • 2 years or 18,000 miles.

Montana Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Montana Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Nebraska

Vehicles Covered

A new motor vehicle normally used for personal, family, household, or business purposes, excluding motor homes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 40 days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Nebraska Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Nevada

Vehicles Covered

A new motor vehicle normally used for personal, family or household purposes, except a motor home or off-road vehicle.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Nevada Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Nevada Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

New Hampshire

Vehicles Covered

Any 4-wheel motor vehicle with a gross weight not exceeding 9,000 pounds. Also includes off highway recreational vehicles, mopeds and motorcycles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service
  • Warranty period *plus* 1 year.

New Hampshire Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | New Hampshire Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

New Jersey

Vehicles Covered

Passenger automobiles and motorcycles. Includes the non-living portions of motor homes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • 2 years or 18,000 miles.

New Jersey Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | New Jersey Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

New Mexico

Vehicles Covered

A passenger motor vehicle including an automobile, pickup truck, motorcycle or van normally used for personal, family or household purposes with a gross vehicle weight less than 10,000 pounds.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Nex Mexico Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

New York

Vehicles Covered

Any non-commercial motor vehicle purchased or leased, except for motorcycles, certain motor homes, and off-road vehicles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • 2 years or 18,000 miles.

New York Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | New York Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

North Carolina

Vehicles Covered

Any new motor vehicle other than a house trailer, provided that the vehicle does not have a gross vehicle weight of 10,000 pounds or more. This includes pickup trucks, motorcycles and most vans.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or more than 20 days out of service during any 12 month period.
  • 2 years or 24,000 miles.

North Carolina Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | North Carolina Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

North Dakota

Vehicles Covered

Passenger motor vehicles and trucks 10,000 pounds GVW or less, normally used for personal, family or household purposes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

North Dakota Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Ohio

Vehicles Covered

Passenger car, light truck (no more than one ton load capacity and not used in business), or motorcycle. Also includes chassis portion of motor homes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service. 8 repair attempts for different problems. 1 attempt to repair condition likely to cause death or serious bodily injury.
  • 1 year or 18,000 miles.

Ohio Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Ohio Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Oklahoma

Vehicles Covered

Any motor driven vehicle required to be registered, excluding vehicles above 10,000 pounds GVW and the living facilities of motor homes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 45 days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Oklahoma Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Oregon

Vehicles Covered

A new motor vehicle normally used for personal, family or household purposes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • 1 year or 12,000 miles.

Oregon Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Pennsylvania

Vehicles Covered

Vehicles used primarily for personal, family or household purposes except motor homes, motorcycles, and off-road vehicles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service
  • Warranty period, 1 year or 12,000 miles.

Pennsylvania Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Pennsylvania Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Rhode Island

Vehicles Covered

An automobile, truck, motorcycle, or van having a gross vehicle weight of less than 10,000 pounds.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service
  • 1 year or 15,000 miles.

Rhode Island Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

South Carolina

Vehicles Covered

Passenger motor vehicles including cars, vans, and small trucks.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service
  • 1 year or 12,000 miles.

South Carolina Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | South Carolina Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

South Dakota

Vehicles Covered

All vehicles intended primarily for use and operation on the public highways which is self-propelled. Does not include motor homes or vehicles with a GVW of 10,000 pounds or more.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts plus 1 final attempt.
  • 1 year or 12,000 miles.

South Dakota Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Tennessee

Vehicles Covered

Any motor vehicle not including motorized bicycles, motor homes, recreational vehicles or off-road vehicles and vehicles over 10,000 pounds GVW.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Tennessee Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Tennessee Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Texas

Vehicles Covered

New vehicles, including cars, trucks, vans, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles, motor homes and tow-able recreational vehicles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service. 2 repair attempts for a serious safety hazard.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Texas Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Texas Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Utah

Vehicles Covered

A car or truck weighing less than 12,000 pounds, or a motor home.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Utah Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Utah Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Vermont

Vehicles Covered

Passenger motor vehicles and trucks under 10,000 pounds GVW. Does not include snowmobiles, motorcycles, mopeds, or the living portion of recreational vehicles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • Warranty period.

Vermont Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Virginia

Vehicles Covered

A motor vehicle used in substantial part for personal, family, or household purposes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service. 1 repair attempt for a serious safety defect.
  • 18 months.

Virginia Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

Washington

Vehicles Covered

Any new self-propelled vehicle, including a new motorcycle, primarily designed for the transportation of persons or property over the public highways. Does not include living portions of motor homes or trucks with 19,000 or more GVW.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service. 2 attempts for a serious safety defect.
  • 2 years or 24,000 miles.

Washington Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Washington Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Washington, District of Columbia

Vehicles Covered

Any vehicle sold or registered that is designed for transporting persons. Excludes buses, motorcycles, motor homes and recreational vehicles.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.
  • 2 years or 18,000 miles.

Washington D.C. Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

West Virginia

Vehicles Covered

Passenger vehicles, pickup trucks, vans and motor home chassis used  primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service. 1 attempt for a condition likely to cause death or serious bodily injury.
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

West Virginia Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | West Virginia Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Wisconsin

Vehicles Covered

All vehicles except mopeds, semi-trailers or trailers designed for use in combination with a truck or truck tractor.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service
  • Warranty period or 1 year.

Wisconsin Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review | Wisconsin Lemon Law Rights Consumer Guide

Wyoming

Vehicles Covered

All vehicles under 10,000 lbs. GVW.

Repair Interval and Coverage Period

  • 3 repair attempts or 30 business days out of service
  • 1 year.

Wyoming Lemon Law  |  Lemon Law Case Review

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